Dating rock layers fossils
Scales of stratigraphic disorder may be from millimeters to many meters.
Stratigraphic disorder is produced by the physical or biogenic mixing of fossiliferous sediments, and the reworking of older, previously deposited hard parts into younger sediments.
It is almost the first thing I teach my first-year students. al., : Biostratigraphy: Time Scales from Graphic and Quantitative Methods,” , 2004, p. The rocks do date the fossils, but the fossils date the rocks more accurately.
Plessa, “Fossils out of Sequence: Computer Simulations and Strategies for Dealing with Stratigraphic Disorder,” vol. 227.) “Contrary to what most scientists write, the fossil record does not support the Darwinian theory of evolution because it is this theory (there are several) which we use to interpret the fossil record.
Thus, the procedure is far from ideal and the geologic ranges of fossils are constantly being revised (usually extended) as new occurrences are found. ” (Raup, David M., “Geology and Creationism,” , vol. 21.) “The sedimentary rocks, by themselves, however, do not yield any specific time marks, setting aside the old law of superposition, which can provide relative age indication only in a restricted manner, and which is unfit for age correlations.
Moreover, it may be misleading in some cases: the beds in a section may be overturned or, owing to a hidden thrust plane, older beds may overlie younger ones.
This failure leaves the method vulnerable to circularity.” (Stanley, Steven M., Warron O.
Addicott, and Kiyotaka Chinzei, “Lyellian Curves in Paleontology: Possibilities and Limitations,”, vol. 422.) “Often, the layers of rock can be dated by the types of fossils they contain….