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Time factors of millions and billions of years is difficult even for adults to comprehend.
However, "relative" dating or time can be an easy concept for students to learn.
*Life Science: Fossils indicate that many organisms that lived long ago are extinct.
Extinction of species is common; most of the species that have lived on the earth no longer exist.
These major concepts are part of the Denver Earth Science Project's "Paleontology and Dinosaurs" module written for students in grades 7-10.
The module is an integrated unit which addresses the following National Science Education Standards: *Science as Inquiry: Students develop the abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry identify questions, design and conduct scientific investigations, use appropriate tools and technologies to gather, analyze and interpret data, think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations, communicate results, and use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.
Scientists also use direct evidence from observations of the rock layers themselves to help determine the relative age of rock layers.
Specific rock formations are indicative of a particular type of environment existing when the rock was being formed.
Teaching about Earth's history is a challenge for all teachers.The fossils represented by the letters on this card are "younger" than the "T" or "C" fossils on the "TC" card which represents fossils in the oldest rock layer.Sequence the remaining cards by using the same process.PALEONTOLOGY, AND in particular the study of dinosaurs, is an exciting topic to people of all ages.Although most attention in today's world focuses on dinosaurs and why they became extinct, the world of paleontology includes many other interesting organisms which tell us about Earth's past history.